Diagnostic Utility Of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology In Thyroid Lesions

Diagnostic Utility Of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology In Thyroid Lesions

  • Shikha Goel PG Student 3rd Year,Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat.
  • Deepti Agarwal Associate Professor,Department of Pathology,Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat.
  • Swaran Kaur HOD & Professor, Department of Pathology,Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat
  • Parveen Rana Associate Professor,Department of Pathology,Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat.
  • M.K.Garg HOD & Professor, Department of Surgery,Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat.
  • Uma Garg HOD & Professor, Department of ENT, Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College, Sonipat
Keywords: Bethesda, colloid goiter, FNAC, Papillary carcinoma thyroid

Abstract

Abstract: Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) cited as an inexpensive and highly accurate means in diagnosing neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of the thyroid. It is safe, quick, and cost effective outpatient department (OPD) procedure. Aim: The current study was done to evaluate the diagnostic utility of FNAC in thyroid lesions and to calculate sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of FNAC in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions. Materials And Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Pathology, BPSGMC(W),Khanpur Kalan,Sonipat over a period of 1 year. A total of 278 cases of thyroid swelling were studied in whom FNAC of thyroid was done and diagnosis was given on conventional cytology.It was further categorized according to the Bethesda System. Cytological diagnosis was compared with the histopathology wherever available. Result: Statistical analysis of the data showed the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology to be 92.2%. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed a sensitivity of 76% and a specificity of 100%.On conventional cytology, the commonest lesion in the thyroid gland was colloid goiter 124(44.6%). Fine needle aspiration cytology results revealed Category II 172 (61.86%), Category IV 30 (10.8%), Category VI 20 (7.19%) , Category V 9 (3.27%) , Category III 4 (1.43%) Category I 43 (15.45%) in thyroid lesions according to the Bethesda System. Conclusion: FNAC may be considered as a significant tool in the diagnosis of patients with thyroid lesions. [Goel S Natl J Integr Res Med, 2020; 11(1):3-10]

Published
2020-03-01
How to Cite
Goel, S., Deepti Agarwal, Swaran Kaur, Parveen Rana, M.K.Garg, & Uma Garg. (2020). Diagnostic Utility Of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology In Thyroid Lesions: Diagnostic Utility Of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology In Thyroid Lesions. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 11(1), 3-10. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/2724
Section
Original Articles