Study Of Association Between Vaginal Infection And Preterm Labour
Association Between Vaginal Infection And Preterm Labour
Keywords:Bacterial Vaginosis, Anemia, Preterm Labor, Premature Birth
Background: Preterm birth is the most common of neonatal morbidity and mortality. 85% of neonatal morbidity and mortality is due to premature birth. A large number of studies demonstrate an association between specific organisms and preterm delivery. Material And Methods: A retrospective cohort study of pregnant women who received antenatal care between august 2017 and November 2018 at our tertiary care hospital. 70 Cases with high risk for preterm labor were included in the study and 70 cases with term labor in the control group. High vaginal swabs were collected from the posterior fornix of the vagina. Result: This study shows that there is no association of preterm labor with age, parity and numbers of previous abortions. There are high chances of preterm birth in patients with history of previous preterm birth. 48(68%) patients with preterm labor had vaginal infection in which bacterial vaginosis is more common. Other contributing factors for preterm delivery: Anaemia and lower socio-economic status. Conclusion: In this study, a significant difference in the presence of vaginal infection in patients of preterm labor and term labor was found (P<0.05).Women at risk for preterm birth or preterm premature rupture of membranes because of vaginal infections should be screened, diagnosed, treated , re evaluated, and re-treated if necessary. [Vaghela R Natl J Integr Res Med, 2022; 13(3): 06-09, Published on Dated:10/05/2022]
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