A Study Of Clinical Profile And MRI Findings Of Patients Admitted In LG Hospital With New Onset Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures

A Study Of Clinical Profile And MRI Findings Of Patients With New Onset Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures

  • Dr. Sangita Rathod Head Of Unit,Department Of Medicine, LG Hospital
  • Dr. Bij Javia 2nd Year Resident,Department Of Medicine, LG Hospital
  • Dr. Zalak Gadani Associate Professor, Department Of Medicine, LG Hospital
Keywords: MRI, Tonic Clonic Seizures, Clinical Profile

Abstract

Background: Seizure is defined as a paroxysmal event due to abnormal, excessive, hyper synchronized discharge from central nervous system neurons. A generalized tonic clonic seizure is involuntary movements of all limbs that have a tonic phase followed by clonic muscle contraction. It has various underlying etiologies. It is a major public health concern in terms of burden of disease, nature of illness, and its impact on individual, family, and community. Objective: This study was performed to evaluate clinical profile and MRI findings of patients admitted in LG Hospital with 1st episode of generalized tonic clonic seizures (GTCS). Design: The study was cross sectional study conducted over a period of 1yr in AMC MET medical college, Ahmedabad. Material And Methods: The clinical profile and MRI findings of 50 patients with 1st episode of GTCS admitted in the medicine department of our hospital were analysed. Result: The most common age group affected was 18-30 yrs (56%), more commonly affecting males (54%). The most common presenting symptoms are uprolling of eyes (90%), followed by frothing from mouth (80%) and tongue bite (78%). Among MRI findings, the majority of patients (78%) had normal MRI followed by infarct (8%) and tuberculoma (4%). Conclusion: The onset of GTCS occurs most commonly in early adulthood and both male and female genders are almost equally affected. The most common presentation is tonic clonic type of convulsion with uprolling of eyes, frothing from mouth and tongue bite. Majority of patients didn't have any co-morbidities and also had normal laboratory parameters and normal MRI findings. In patients with metabolic precipitating factors; most common was alcohol withdrawal, while in those with CNS cause, the most common MRI finding was infarct. [Rathod S Natl J Integr Res Med, 2022; 13(1): 49-53, Published on 26/01/2022]

Published
2022-01-26
How to Cite
Dr. Sangita Rathod, Dr. Bij Javia, & Dr. Zalak Gadani. (2022). A Study Of Clinical Profile And MRI Findings Of Patients Admitted In LG Hospital With New Onset Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures: A Study Of Clinical Profile And MRI Findings Of Patients With New Onset Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 13(1), 49-53. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/3399
Section
Original Articles