Determinants of awareness and knowledge about Diabetic retinopathy in long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus

  • Dr. Apurva Sthapak junior resident
  • Dr. Rekha R Khandelwal
  • Dr Abhishek Mankar
Keywords: Awareness, Diabetic retinopathy, Knowledge


Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes that affects the eye and is asymptomatic till it reaches advanced stages. The present study was designed to assess the determinants of awareness and knowledge of DR in type 2 diabetic patients. Objectives: To assess the determinants of awareness and knowledge about diabetic retinopathy (DR) in long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with type 2 DM for two months in a rural-based hospital in Central India. A brief structured open-ended questionnaire was used to collect information about the subjects’ awareness and knowledge about DR. A detailed history of the subjects including demographic details, BMI, socioeconomic status and treatment modalities were also obtained. The ocular examination in detail was performed by a retina consultant to diagnose the stage of DR. Results: Out of 328 participants, there were 181 male (55.18%) and 147 female subjects (44.81%) in the study. 71.30% of patients were being treated with oral hypoglycemic drugs, 14% with insulin and 9.5% with both. Only 21.7% were aware of the involvement of retina in Diabetes. More than half of the type 2 DM patients (52.4%) were not advised eye examination by the physician. Conclusion: Awareness and knowledge regarding DR are poor. There is a need to spread awareness about DR in the community to avoid blinding complications. [Sthapak A Natl J Integr Res Med, 2020; 11(6):1-6]


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How to Cite
Sthapak, D. A., Khandelwal, D. R. R., & Mankar, D. A. (2021). Determinants of awareness and knowledge about Diabetic retinopathy in long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 11(6), 1-6. Retrieved from
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