A Study on Fetomaternal Outcome of Breech Presentation in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Fetomaternal Outcome of Breech Presentation

  • Shital Mehta Associate professor, Obstetrics And Gynecology Department, NHL Municipal Medical College And V S Hospital,Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India
  • Vijeta Lilhare Third Year Resident , Obstetrics And Gynecology Department, NHL Municipal Medical College And V S Hospital,Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India
  • Bina Raval Assistant Professor, Obstetrics And Gynecology Department, NHL Municipal Medical College And V S Hospital,Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India
  • Riya Parikh First Year Resident , Obstetrics And Gynecology Department, NHL Municipal Medical College And V S Hospital,Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India
  • Riya Parikh First Year Resident , Obstetrics And Gynecology Department, NHL Municipal Medical College And V S Hospital,Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India
Keywords: Breech presentation, caesarean section, maternal and perinatal outcome, mode of delivery

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to find out the incidence, maternal and fetal outcome of breech presentation in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: The present retrospective study was carried out in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in tertiary care system from 1st january2019 to 31st july2019. Total 97 cases were included in this study. The demographic data like age, parity, gestational age, mode of delivery, maternal and perinatal outcome were noted from hospital records and studied. Results: The incidence of breech was found to be 2.65% in patients attending tertiary care system. 47.42 % cases were in the age group of 20-25 years and 28.86% were in age group of 26-30 years. In the present study, primigravidas constitute 39.27%of cases. Perinatal morbidity was seen to be higher in babies delivered vaginally (25.49%) as compared to 17.39 % in cases delivered by caesarean section. Conclusion: Breech delivery is a high risk pregnancy with adverse fetal outcomes during pregnancy and labour. Though caesarean section for breech presentation is not universally recommended, caesarean section can reduce the perinatal mortality and morbidity compared to vaginal birth for term breech pregnancy, but maternal morbidity was increased because of anaesthesia and operative interference. The mode of delivery in breech presentation should be specified based on type of breech, stage of labour, fetal wellbeing and availability of skilled obstetrician. [Mehta S Natl J Integr Res Med, 2019; 10(6):50-53]

Published
2020-01-01
How to Cite
Mehta, S., Lilhare, V., Raval, B., Parikh, R., & Parikh, R. (2020). A Study on Fetomaternal Outcome of Breech Presentation in a Tertiary Care Hospital: Fetomaternal Outcome of Breech Presentation. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 10(6), 50-53. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/2681
Section
Original Articles