Clinical and Etiological Profile of the Patients Presenting With Pleural Effusion

Clinical and Etiological Profile of the Patients Presenting With Pleural Effusion

  • Amit Kumar
  • Rajesh Agrawal
  • Vijayesh Kumar Tiwari
  • Ankit Khurana
  • Javed Khan
  • Nadeem Akbar
Keywords: Pleural effusion, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia

Abstract

Background: Pleural effusion is an abnormal collection of fluid in the pleural space between the visceral and the parietal pleura and results most imminently due to an underlying infection like pneumonia, tuberculosis etc .Objective: To study the clinical and etiological profile of pleural effusion in patients admitted at a tertiary care centre. Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 350 cases with age more than 16 years, who were the suspected cases of pleural effusion and the cases with evidence of pleural effusion on the X-ray, CT scan , USG presented to the OPD/ IPD, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital (RMCH), Bareilly from July 2013 to September 2014 were included in the study. Results: out of 350 patients enrolled in the study, 234 (67.14%) belonged to age group of 16-30 years. 247 (70.57%) were male and 103 (29.42%) were female. Tubercular effusion is the commonest cause of unilateral pleural effusion followed by parapneumonic effusion and congestive heart failure is the commonest cause of bilateral pleural effusion. Conclusion: The study concludes that the most common cause of the unilateral pleural effusion was the tuberculosis in 204 (58%) followed by the pneumonia in 88 (25%).Breathlessness followed by the chest pain were the most common clinical symptoms. The most common etiology of the bilateral pleural effusion is transudative. [Amit K NJIRM 2017; 8(2):126-129]

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Published
2018-02-01
How to Cite
Kumar, A., Agrawal, R., Tiwari, V. K., Khurana, A., Khan, J., & Akbar, N. (2018). Clinical and Etiological Profile of the Patients Presenting With Pleural Effusion: Clinical and Etiological Profile of the Patients Presenting With Pleural Effusion. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 8(2), 126-129. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/1219
Section
Original Articles