Critical Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity In Tubercular Meningitis

Critical Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity In Tubercular Meningitis

  • Akkamahadevi V Nipanal Consulting Physician,Bangalore,India
  • Nagappa H Professor, Department Of General Medicine, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore,India
Keywords: CSF- cerebrospinal fluid, ADA- adenosine deaminase, tubercular meningitis

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis of the central nervous system accounts for ~5% of extra pulmonary cases in the United States. It is seen most often in young children but also develops in adults, especially those infected with HIV. If unrecognized, tuberculous meningitis is uniformly fatal. This disease responds to chemotherapy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation is the single most important aspect of laboratory diagnosis of meningitis. Basic studies of CSF that should be performed in meningitis include measurement of pressure, cell count and differential count, estimation of glucose and protein levels, Gram's stain and culture. Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic significance of CSF adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in tuberculous meningitis. Material & Methods: 70 Tubercular Meningitis patients who were admitted in Department of Medicine, Victoria hospital were included. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore. Patients were selected after fulfilling the following inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The mean age of the 70 patients studied was 39.82+16.48 years. The youngest patient was 18 years old and oldest patient was 70 years. The mean value of ADA activity in tubercular meningitis was 18.07±8.03IU/L. Cut-off value of ADA in our study was 10 IU/. The result was statistically significant with a p value<0.001. Conclusion: The test for ADA in CSF is simple and can be carried out in a central laboratory with a rapid diagnosis, thus reducing unwarranted or harmful therapy for patients. Elevated CSF-ADA level helps in differentiating tubercular from non-tubercular meningitis. [Nipanal A Natl J Integr Res Med, 2021; 12(1):12-16]

Published
2021-03-01
How to Cite
Akkamahadevi V Nipanal, & Nagappa H. (2021). Critical Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity In Tubercular Meningitis: Critical Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity In Tubercular Meningitis. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 12(1), 12-16. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/2987
Section
Original Articles