A study for evaluation of gap between paediatricians and ophthalmologists for retinopathy of prematurity management in western India.
Background: To study gap between paediatricians and ophthalmologists for management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and apply it in better policy makings to prevent irreversible vision loss in the affected preterm babies. Material & Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study,100 paediatricians of western India were asked about educational and practicing profile, knowledge regarding ROP screening guidelines, risk factors and potential outcomes, referral facilities available in their localities and barriers for referral. Chi-square test was used and a P value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: All (100%) knew about risk factors for development of ROP. Awareness regarding timing of screening was found in 82% urban and40% rural practitioners. 74% urban practitioners knew about treatment modalities but only 50% rural paediatricians were aware about this. Only 14% urban practitioners were facing problem in referral in contrast to 60% rural practitioners. Majority (70%) said unavailability of a trained ophthalmologist was the barrier in the referral. Conclusion: Majority of paediatricians in western zone of India were aware of risk factors but had less information about ROP screening timings and treatment modalities. This suggests need for creating awareness and close coordination between paediatricians and ophthalmologists especially in rural localities. [Prajapati V Natl J Integr Res Med, 2020; 11(6):7-10]
Copyright (c) 2020 National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.