Prevelance Of Gingival Recession And Its Association With Gingival Biotype In Mandibular Anterior Teeth

Prevelance Of Gingival Recession And Its Association With Gingival Biotype

  • Dr.Jyoti Chand 3rd Year PG Student,Department of Periodontics, I.T.S. Dental College, Hospital & Research Centre, Greater Noida
  • Dr.Sachit A. Arora Professor and Principal, Department of Periodontics, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital &Research Centre, Greater Noida
  • Dr.Shivjot Chhina Professor & Head,Department of Periodontics, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital &Research Centre, Greater Noida
  • Dr.Subarbie Abrol 3rd Year PG Student,Department of Periodontics, I.T.S. Dental College, Hospital & Research Centre, Greater Noida
  • Dr.Neetika Gupta* 3rd Year PG Student,Department of Periodontics, I.T.S. Dental College, Hospital & Research Centre, Greater Noida
Keywords: Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Gingival biotype, Transgingival probing, Probe -transperancy, Gingival recession

Abstract

Background: In the current era of aesthetically focused dentistry, it is of utmost importance that clinicians must consider how the soft tissue will respond to the various, prosthetic, restorative and periodontal procedures. The gingival morphologies which were identified according to their facio-palatal dimensions were earlier named as the scalloped and thin or flat and thick gingiva. A more specific term “Periodontal Biotype” was later introduced to classify the gingiva into ‘thick‑flat’ and ‘thin‑scalloped’ biotypes. Currently, the term “gingival biotype” has been widely used by the clinicians to categorize the thickness of the Gingiva. Aim of Study: The aim of this study is to determine whether Gingival Biotype has any correlation with the Age, Gender, occurrence and the severity of gingival recession in six mandibular anterior teeth. Material and Methods: A total number of 100 patients were examined , biotype was assessed with the help of two methods probe transperancy(PT) and transgingival probing(TP) methods and its association with the age, gender and recession defects (recession depth & width) in mandibular anterior teeth was statistically analysed with the help of ANOVA, unpaired-t test & post-hoc test. Result: Prevelance and severity of gingival recession in lower anteriors is likely to be seen more commonly in left central incisors(21%) and left canines(21%) , among the participants majority of the females subjects(76%) were shown to have thin biotype, with no significant age related difference in the gingival biotypes in both genders. Conclusion: Prevelance and severity of gingival recession was more common in females due to the presence of thin biotype when accessed with both TP and PT methods with no age related difference in the biotype. [Chand J Natl J Integr Res Med, 2020; 11(2):90-96]

Published
2020-03-01
How to Cite
Dr.Jyoti Chand, Dr.Sachit A. Arora, Dr.Shivjot Chhina, Dr.Subarbie Abrol, & Dr.Neetika Gupta*. (2020). Prevelance Of Gingival Recession And Its Association With Gingival Biotype In Mandibular Anterior Teeth: Prevelance Of Gingival Recession And Its Association With Gingival Biotype. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 11(2), 90-96. Retrieved from http://nicpd.ac.in/ojs-/index.php/njirm/article/view/2775
Section
Original Articles